In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

IVF stands for “In Vitro Fertilisation” where we take eggs and sperm and put them together outside of the body hoping they will fertilise. The fertilised egg is then termed an embryo.

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Egg Retrieval

Day of egg retrieval is termed day zero. This day is known by lots of names, day of oocyte retrieval, egg pick up (EPU), oocyte pick up (OPU) or egg harvest. The day of EPU is the day you come into theatre and we retrieve the eggs you have been so lovingly nurturing.

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Sperm Preparation

The same day as the eggs are retrieved is usually when the sperm is prepared. Sperm for the male partner is usually produced on the day and prepared in the laboratory depending on the quality of the sperm. Frozen sperm, either from the partner or from a donor, can be thawed and prepared on the day as well.

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Insemination

There are generally 2 different types of inseminations that can be used to fertilise the egg.  One is “natural” IVF, the other is ICSI.

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